In Belmonte, a Jewish community has been referenced since the thirteenth century, witnessed by the finding of an epigraph belonging to a primitive Synagogue, which dates back to 1297, but the presence of Jews in the village was not an isolated incident, with knowledge of the existence of other Jewish women in the cities, towns and villages of the region.
In April 2013 Portugal passed a law of return, allowing descendants of Sephardic Jews who were expelled in the inquisition to claim Portuguese citizenship provided that they 'belong to a Sephardic community of Portuguese origin with ties to Portugal' without a requirement for residence. The amendment to Portugal's "Law on Nationality" was approved unanimously on 11 April 2013. The law came into effect in March 2015.
Descendant of Portuguese Sephardic Jew?
Descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews may be granted citizenship through naturalization by the Portuguese Government, If they fulfill the requirements.
Belmonte is, perhaps, the Portuguese town with the strongest Jewish presence and it stands out because it was a unique case, within the Iberian Peninsula, where Hebrew culture and tradition have lasted since the early 16th century until today.